Medication and treatment used for poultry-UPDATED-ongoing.

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Medication and treatment used for poultry-UPDATED-ongoing.

Unread postby Vickytom. » March 27th, 2007, 11:53 am

This list does not condone, nor does it support the use of products in poultry, which have not been prescribed by a vet. It is merely for information, or as a reference for people to take to a vet, if they wish to suggest what other poultry keepers have been prescribed for their poultry.
Many of these medications are not licensed for use in poultry, in the UK. So, a vet’s advice will need to be sought on the use of the product, which is governed by the

Veterinary Medicines Directorate.

This has now been updated several times; currently the The Veterinary Medicines Regulations 2009-2009 No. 2297 is the relevant legislation. Schedules four and five bear the most relevance to poultry. This came into force in October 2009.

It is an offence to possess, sell, or offer for sale, ANY products for which you are not licensed, qualified or authorised so to do.

A minimum of seven days egg withdrawal, from day of last use is required by law, if the product is not licensed for use in a particular species.

Abbreviations of the dispensing methods available:
POM-V (previously POM) Only available on prescription.
POM-VPS-Can be obtained from a vet, pharmacist, or suitably qualified person (the latter, often trained to dispense in farm shops).
NVA-VPS-Non Food Animal, vet, Pharmacist, Suitably qualified person.
AVM-GSL-Authorised Veterinary Medicine-General Sales list.

Aureomycin-Chlortetracycline Effective against gram positive and gram negative bacteria. 20-30 mg/kg bodyweight daily, in water.

Baycox- Toltrazuril 2.5% w/v (25 mg/ml) (0.28ml per 1kg body weight for two to three days). For the treatment of coccidiosis.

Baytril-Enrofloxacin. Broad spectrum synthetic antimicrobial antibiotic, effective against:
Respiratory Colibacillosis
Mycoplasmosis
Chronic Respiratory Disease
Infectious Coryza
Fowl Cholera

Baytril 10% for use in poultry =10mg per kg body weight in chicken and turkeys. If 2.5% given, then adjust dosage rate x4.

More info:
http://www.poultry.baytril.com/1/Home.h ... 9c3bca318e

Nystatin oral suspension. Effective against fungal infections and Aspergillosis and Candida Albicans (often sour crop is caused by fungal infection). 5ml per bird for three days.

Terramycin-Oxytetracycline 20% powder concentrate. Administered for Mycoplasmosis, enteritis and other gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Dosage 0.3-1.2mg per 4.5 litres water. Your vet will vary the dose rate, per the condition to be treated and the weight of the bird/s. Eggs for human consumption may not be taken during treatment but may be taken after 1 day from the last treatment. (Information taken from Noah Compendium).

Tiamutin-Antibiotic, particularly effective against Mycoplasmosis. Dosage is dependent upon whether added to feed or water.

More info on dosage, plus links to other information about the product:
http://www.tiamutin.com/vet-poultry/pro ... sage.shtml

Tylan Soluble-Tylosin-Effective in respiratory illness, such as Mycoplasma Gallisepticum and Infectious Coryza.

Dosage can be found here:
http://www.noahcompendium.co.uk/elanco_ ... 27086.html

Tylan 200 injectable-Tylosin, not licensed in poultry, but thought to be more effective than Tylan Soluble.

Worming products

Flubenvet-Flubendazole POM VPS, which means that you do NOT need a vet’s prescription for it, for use in chickens. However, it is not licensed for use in ducks, so, a vet’s prescription is technically necessary here.
1 rounded teaspoon (5g) per 4kg of feed. No egg withdrawal, if used at this rate. Not effective against tapeworm, unless dose is doubled. Egg withdrawal is applicable then. Also for use in preventing Blackhead, in Turkeys.

Panacur-Fenbendazole-Again not licensed. Not effective in tapeworm and egg withdrawal applies. Dosage, as per individual vet.

Ivermectin
Ivermectin is a systemic anthelmintic endectocide, sold in the UK under the trade names of Ivomec and Noromectin.

Ivomec contains 0.5% w/v (5 mg/ml) of Ivermectin in the UK and is sold by Merial.

Noromectin is a solution containing Ivermectin 0.5% w/v (5 mg/ml). This is sold by Norbrook Pharmaceuticals.

(Greater concentrations may available elsewhere, so it's always best to check).

Eprinomectin, which is a further generation of this type of endectocide and is a solution containing 0.5% w/v eprinomectin is sold as Eprinex by Merial.

They are all systemic, so egg withdrawal rates of a minimum of seven days, from last day of treatment, apply.

These products are 'pour on' products usually for use in farm animals They are supposed to work, for up to 3-4 weeks, but a vet will give you further advice. They are not licensed for use on chickens, hence the need for a vet's advice and prescription and egg withdrawal.

The links below, provide more information:

http://ivomec.uk.merial.com/products/be ... n_beef.asp

http://www.norbrook.co.uk/products/Prod ... Key/1/Sect ion/Veterinary_Products/

http://uk.merial.com/data_sheet/eprinex_pour_on.asp

Dosage for Ivermectin is 0.2mg/kg (Dosage rates taken from Victoria Roberts 'Diseases of Free Range Poultry')

Frontline
Frontline is a non systemic insecticide which can/may also be prescribed by a vet.

Frontline 'Spray' containing 0.25% Fipronil, as the active ingredient is a POM V product. This means that it can only be prescribed by a vet.

Frontline 'Spot On' containing 10% Fipronil as the active ingredient is a NFA (Non food animal) VPS, which means it can be dispensed by a vet, pharmacist, or suitably qualified person, for which online stores will be covered.

Neither the spray or the spot on, are licensed in the UK for use in poultry; although the latter can be bought from shops off prescription.

The fact that the latter is for use in non food producing animals, means that a vet should be consulted before purchasing the product for use in poultry, or for any other creature for which it is not licensed in the UK.

Just as an aside, this is a recent article on the concerns of antibiotic resistance.
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/medical ... wsid=64788
Vickytom.
 

Unread postby Brahmagirl » March 27th, 2007, 12:34 pm

A big 'thank you' for that. :smt041

Jill
Araucanas, Barnevelders, Brahmas, Columbian Blacktail, Derbyshire Redcaps, Marans, Salmon Favorelles, Welsummers, cross-breeds and too many cockerels!
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Unread postby Rhode Runner » March 27th, 2007, 12:55 pm

Thanks for that VT. Very helpful. :smt023

Allan x
We are all visitors to this time, this place. We are all just passing through. Our purpose here is to observe, to learn, to grow, to love...and then we return home.

Australian aboriginal proverb.
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Unread postby Top Hen » March 27th, 2007, 4:12 pm

Excellent work VT. I hope nobody pinches it for else where!
Life’s to short to drink cheap wine!

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Unread postby earl grey » March 27th, 2007, 8:22 pm

Fantastic, it must have taken ages to get right. Thank you so much for spending the time and being so thorough with the details...

Louise
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